This is a delicate issue, fraught with strong emotional responses and political maneuvering. The recent debate over defunding Planned Parenthood is just the latest volley in on ongoing war of ideologies.
Currently in North American there are 23 abortions to every 100 live births.
Pro-Life (Some of the Arguments):
The unborn child is a human being with potential rights of its own.
It is a unique creature created by God and to destroy it for any reason is murder.
It (abortion) becomes nothing but an alternatives method of birth control.
Woman, in her role as carrier and nurturer, becomes the slave owner of the potential life inside her.
Woman alone has say over the creature being formed within her and no one, not even the other DNA contributor, has any business butting in.
When we choose to abort we are devaluing all of life and arbitrarily setting ourselves up to determine who is worthy of life and what constitutes such a life.
Pro-Choice (Some of the Arguments):
It (abortion) saves lives, women died every year from 'back alley' abortions before it was legalized.
Victims of incest, rape, or abusive relationships were forced to carry offspring of these situations.
It is a woman's right to have a say over her own body and its health.
It is a woman's right to determine when she will reproduce and no one else's.
The nascent offspring is merely a collection of cells until it is born - being born grants humanity and not becoming pregnant.
Women would die from being forced to carry a child to term due to health reasons; an emergency abortion is a right and expectation for proper female reproductive health.
Women will be allowed to die without a right to an abortion
There is also a lot of illogic at work due to the emotional component.
For example, supporters of abortion always trot out that 'women will die because emergency abortions were not available.' Yet, no source, citation, or statistic is ever cited to support that emergency abortions for health reasons are a major problem. Such may exist, but they seem to hard to find. How many women actually have to have a medically induced abortion to save their life?
Another example, supporters say 'women will die without having abortions because they did before Roe vs Wade'. Yet, they also die from abortions since Roe vs Wade. The high figures cited by supporters often fails to take into consideration the overall gradual IMPROVEMENT of health care in the decades just before and since abortion was legalized.
A researcher can pull out a statistic on women who died from abortions in the 1920's or 1930's and point to the high numbers as proof of the need for abortions. The high numbers also mirror the statistics in ALL medical procedures during the same time period. Medicine was crappy then and everybody suffered not just women having 'abortions.' Research in England states death rates in rich and poor nations about the same and working from the assumption rich means more progressive, i.e. more civilized and more abortions, that is thought provoking. One study even suggests abortion may be a contributing factor to women's mortality rates.
It is amazing that Planned Parenthood, an organization birthed in the nihilistic eugenics philosophy of the early 20th century, would today bear images on its website of people from the very groups it would have seen selectively eliminated to produce a more perfect human race. Sanger, the erstwhile founder, believed in selectivity in reproduction....
In A Plan for Peace (1932), for example, Sanger proposed a congressional department to:
Keep the doors of immigration closed to the entrance of certain aliens whose condition is known to be detrimental to the stamina of the race, such asfeebleminded, idiots,morons, insane, syphilitic, epileptic, criminal, professional prostitutes, and others in this class barred by the immigration laws of 1924.
Apply a stern and rigid policy of sterilization and segregation to that grade of population whose progeny is already tainted or whose inheritance is such that objectionable traits may be transmitted to offspring.
And basically, that is where it all comes full circle. The most negative element of abortion is the de-humanization it engenders. So much so that modern philosophers such as Harvard's own faculty can pontificate that parents should be able to determine abortion up till and including the first full month after birth.